RHINO RANGE STATES
Sixteen countries, 11 in Africa and 5 in Asia, are recognized as the “rhino range states.” The governments and institutions of these countries play, or should play, a primary role in rhino conservation and protection via their networks of national, provincial, and other parks, including anti-poaching strategies and operations, border security, and the legal system—law-making, enforcement, prosecution, and the sentencing of offenders. The rhino range states play essential roles in cooperation between other nations and their agencies as well as the IUCN, upholding international treaties such as CITES, initiatives such as TRAFFIC and Interpol, and negotiating overarching continental strategies.
The following interactive map shows the rhino populations for each of the rhino range states. It is difficult to arrive at an up-to-date accurate position regarding rhino numbers, as censuses are not conducted regularly by the individual countries or at set times. The base statistics are taken from the 2017 assessments of the African Rhino Specialist Group (AfRSG) and the Asian Rhino Specialist Group (AsRSG). In building a more recent overview of global rhino numbers, the assessments of The International Rhino Foundation’s (IRF) 2021 State of the Rhino Report have also been used, as well as other published sources.
Bhutan is a rhino range state but has no permanent rhino population despite joint efforts with India.