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rhino calf Archives - Rhino Review

Female rhino entered a village in Alipurduar and gave birth to a calf (State of West Bengal, India)

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The Siliguri Times | February 19, 2020

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ALIPURDUAR: An extraordinary story surfaced from the Sidhabari village, situated adjacent to the Jaldapara National Park.

A female rhinoceros entered the village around 7 am on Wednesday and gave birth to a calf. However, the rhino’s health deteriorated after the delivery.

Original photo as published by The Siriguri Times

Upon receiving the news, the forest department arrived at the spot and rescued both the mother and the calf.

The duo is currently undergoing treatment.

Rhino conservation: Birth of calf brings new hope for 2020 (South Africa)

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Estelle Ellis, The Daily Maverick | January 15, 2020

See link for photo & 3-minute audio of article.

Eighteen months after a white rhino cow was killed for a minuscule bit of horn, the unexpected birth of a calf in the same Eastern Cape reserve has given an outspoken and passionate wildlife activist new hope for the year.

Ayesha Cantor, from Kragga Kamma Game Park on the outskirts of Port Elizabeth, said they were beyond devastated in June 2018 when one of their white rhinos, Bella, was killed even though she had been dehorned. Her attackers hacked out the last bit of horn left before fleeing. They were later arrested for a series of rhino poachings and will stand trial later in 2020.

“Bella was killed only six days after her horn was removed. They just shot her. Her baby, Tank, who was still an infant, and Tank’s father Chuck, were spooked by the poachers and took off.

Original photo as published by Daily Maverick: Bembi and Ella in the Kragga Kamma Game Park on the outskirts of Port Elizabeth this week. The rhinos have armed guards and 24-hour surveillance. (Photo: Mike Holmes)

“One of the neighbours to the park actually heard the shots. They were so close to his house. He shouted at them. It was such a well-planned attack. They waited until the rhino patrol had passed and then they went for Bella,” she said.

At the time, another rhino cow, Bembi, had a calf that was close to Tank in age and she adopted the little orphaned calf.

“I will never forget those days,” Cantor said. “Tank would follow her everywhere and ask for milk. She pushed her own calf aside to help him.”

On 3 January, Cantor was busy with the cheetahs in the park when her phone rang. “One of the women rangers was calling. She was screaming into the phone. I only heard ‘rhino’ and I thought it was another problem. But then I heard her say: There is a baby. There is a baby rhino.”

An overjoyed Cantor rushed to where Bembi and Chuck were to find the tiny calf, who has been named Ella, by her side.

“We were so delighted and surprised,” she said. “We saw them mating a while ago but rhinos have a gestation period of 16 months and after 16 months we thought there will not be a baby,” she said.

Cantor said the birth of Ella, who now weighs around 60kg, brought them healing and closure after the loss of Bella.

“Many people said I shouldn’t have announced it on social media but I think the only way for us to fight this is to make sure that entire communities adopt rhinos as their own and fight for them together.”

She said while people were fond of funding rhino orphanages it will also help to support reserves as they had to implement 24-hour security for the animals.

“We have eyes on them all the time. I sit up with them many nights just watching, making sure that they are safe. We have rangers deployed to only look after Bembi and her calf. We dehorn our rhinos and also have their stumps trimmed regularly,” she said.

Cantor, who is also vocal at the trials of rhino poachers in the Eastern Cape, said it was important that people attend the criminal trials of the men accused of killing rhinos.

“Last year judges and magistrates said that our support at court showed them how large the public interest in these poaching cases is,” she added.

 

Baby rhino born in Manas National Park brings New Year cheer for people of Assam (India)

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Karishma Hasnat, News 18 | January 7, 2020

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GAUHATI: Laisri becomes a grandmother – her daughter R3A has given birth to a calf at the Manas National Park in Assam and the birth of the newborn rhino warrants a celebration in the state that is presently witnessing widespread protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act.

The six-year-old rhino, R3A, has become a mother for the first time – the calf was born on January 4, and authorities are documenting its movement since birth. The 15-year-old grandma was brought to Manas from the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.

“R3A was born to Laisri in 2013 and we are happy to see her becoming a mother now. Laisri was relocated to Manas from Pobitora through the wild-to-wild translocation procedure. The calf’s gender is not yet known – our initial observations suggest that both the mother and baby are doing well in the wild,” said Deba Kumar Dutta, Landscape Coordinator (BHL, Manas Conservation Area), WWF-India and member of IUCN/SSC Asian Rhino Specialist Group.

Original photo as published by News 18: The newborn rhino calf walking alongside its mother. (Image: Karishma Hasnat)

The Manas National Park that reclaimed its UNESCO (Natural) World Heritage Site tag in 2011 is now home to 42 rhinos, including the rescued and the rehabilitated. The birth of a rhino calf is seen as a big win for conservationists, and their efforts towards protection of the critically threatened one-horned rhinoceros species, the pride of Assam.

“Manas has revived because of the rhino introduction process. It has been more than a decade since we translocated two male rhinos here from Pobitora in April 2008. It was a wild-to-wild rhino translocation. In 2006, rhinos were also brought to Manas from the rehabilitation centre,” Dutta said.

In the early 80-90s, heavy poaching had wiped out the entire rhino population in Manas, where prior to 1989, an estimate of more than 100 rhinos were living.

In 2005, the Assam government with the support from the International Rhino Foundation (IRF), the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Bodoland Territorial Council launched the Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV2020) – a programme to reintroduce rhinos in protected areas – where they had fallen to poacher’s bullets.

In Assam, the rhino population is distributed in four major protected areas – Manas National Park, Kaziranga National Park, the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary.

“Translocation is the intentional release of the animal to the wild in an attempt to establish, re-establish or augment the population.

Translocation of a rhino is not an easy process, and it has to follow strict international and national protocols,” explained Dutta, adding that the rhino translocation programme has also contributed to the mixing of genes as rhinos from Kaziranga and Pobitora have been introduced in the Manas National Park.

From 2008-2012, 10 rhinos have been translocated to Manas from Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary and eight others from Kaziranga National Park. Along with the wild rhinos, 17 rehabilitated rhinos from the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation (CWRC) have been introduced in the national park since 2006.

“Two more sub-adult rhinos are soon to be translocated from Kaziranga to Manas,” Dutta said while explaining how the authorities keep a track of the rhinos in the park.

“When they were first brought here, the rhinos were radio-collared, but once they were established, they have always been wild and free. It is a natural process of monitoring that we follow. It is ID-based and also through distinctive body features or through their movement pattern. Camera trap monitoring is also done, their ranges are well identified.”

Tourism was almost non-existent or limping in Manas from 2003-2008, but with the revival of the national park, there has been a giant increase in Assam’s tourism revenue. Till 2018, the revenue collection by Assam government stood at almost Rs 1 crore. The boost in tourism has also offered livelihood opportunities to the fringe community.

The increase in rhino population has further led to an increase in tiger and elephant population. At present, as many as 30 tigers are living in Manas National Park and Tiger Reserve, with the state government using the M-STrIPES (Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) application for better monitoring, surveillance and conservation of wildlife.

India holds 75% of world’s wild Indian rhino population, and due to multiple conservation efforts, the rhino population in Assam grew about 71% in between 1999 to 2018. According to Dutta, it has been a challenging task to re-establish the rhino population in Manas in the last decade. The Indian rhinos continue to be globally threatened due to habitat conversion, fragmentation and poaching.

“It has been a silent initiative to revive the rhino population at the Manas National Park and every birth makes a difference. But the rhino population and the fragile habitat of Manas need much more attention from all stakeholders of the society.”

Birth of rhino calf melts hearts across Mzansi

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Kathryn Kimberley, Times Live | January 6, 2020

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The birth of a rhino calf — a descendant of Bella, a rhino poached less than two years ago — has been welcomed at Kragga Kamma Game Park in Port Elizabeth.

“Having a new little calf born here certainly goes a long way to healing the hurt,” the owners of the park announced on their Facebook page over the weekend.

The not-so-little girl was born on Friday — an exciting discovery made by two lucky guests on a self-guided game drive, reported HeraldLIVE. They then quickly alerted park management.

Original photo as published by Times Live: Kragga Kamma Game Park in Port Elizabeth welcomed a rhino calf over the weekend – here she is seen nursing from her mother, Bembi. (Image: Facebook/Kragga Kamma Game Park)

At just two days old, with her legs still wobbly, the adorable new addition is thriving. Photographs posted on social media of her nursing, trying to stand and even having a poo have captured the hearts of animal lovers countrywide, with messages of adoration flooding in. The new addition is the daughter of Bembi, who was left orphaned when her mother Bella was poached in June 2018, just six days after she had been dehorned.

Park co-owner Ayesha Canter said added security had since been implemented at the park to protect their rhinos.

At the time of Bella’s poaching, Bembi had been nursing her own calf, Bonnie – but then took Bella’s orphan, Tank, in as her own and nursed him too.

“She is indeed a supermom!” said the park. Following the initial post, the park posted two more sets of photographs – one which showed that the new addition was a girl and another cute post of the little lass setting about her ablutions.

The photographs were shared hundreds of times, with people swooning over the new “celebrity”.

“She is so tiny. We saw her yesterday. Was a big treat,” posted Susan Ochse. “We were there today . . . so heartwarming to see how beautiful the new pink feet are, and mommy and even daddy taking good care of the family member,” wrote Arenda van der Merwe.

Fans of Kragga Kamma Game Park have flooded social media with suggestions for a name, including Karma, Beatrice and Skye.

Bella’s story touched hearts across the nation when she was killed in mid-2018, just a week after she was dehorned by wildlife vet William Fowlds in an effort to protect her.

Bella is believed to have been shot with a high-calibre hunting rifle. She was the ninth rhino to be killed by poachers that year so far. After she was killed, the stump left after her dehorning was brutally hacked from her head.

Just a week before her death, a picture of a toddler gently kissing the sedated giant went viral.

 

Michigan Zoo Announces Birth of Critically Endangered Black Rhino

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Olivia Rosane, EcoWatch | Dec. 26, 2019

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A critically endangered black rhino calf was born at a Michigan zoo on Christmas Eve.

Doppsee, a 12-year-old female rhino at the Potter Park Zoo in Lansing, Michigan, gave birth to a male calf at 5:40 a.m. Tuesday, the zoo said in a blog post. It is the first black rhino birth in the zoo’s 100-year history.

“This is a monumental moment for Potter Park Zoo that has taken our staff years of planning and hard work,” zoo Director Cynthia Wagner said. “We are dedicated to conserving rhinos and couldn’t be more excited about this successful black rhino birth.”

The birth is a big deal because black rhinos are “statistically and historically very hard to breed and be successful,” Pat Fountain, an animal care supervisor at the zoo, told The New York Times. Only around two black rhinos are born at U.S. Association-of-Zoos-&-Aquariums-accredited facilities every year, Fountain said.

Screenshot taken from video posted on EcoWatch.

This birth marks the first for mother Doppsee. The father, Phineus, was brought to the zoo in 2017 from Texas specifically to breed with her, the zoo said. Fountain told The New York Times that their successful coupling was a “milestone.”

The calf, who is not yet named, stood about an hour and a half after he was born, the zoo said. He seems to be nursing well.

“As this is Doppsee’s first pregnancy, the animal care and veterinary staff will continue to monitor Doppsee and her calf closely in the next few weeks. But so far, the rhino calf appears healthy and we have observed frequent nursing shortly after the birth, which is encouraging,” Potter Park Zoo veterinarian Dr. Ronan Eustace said in the blog post.

The calf and his mother will be given space to bond in privacy until spring 2020, when they will be viewable by zoo visitors. In the meantime, the zoo will post updates on its blog, Facebook and Instagram accounts.

In the wild, black rhinos are threatened with extinction because of poaching and habitat loss.

Around 98 percent of black rhinos live in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya and Namibia, The New York Times reported. Their numbers fell by 98 percent between 1960 and 1995 to less than 2,500, mostly because of the actions of European hunters and settlers.

Their numbers have doubled since then to around 5,000, ABC News reported, but they are still considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List.

“A lot of work remains to bring the numbers up to even a fraction of what it once was – and to ensure that it stays there,” the World Wildlife Fund said, according to ABC News.

Two rhino and a zebra electrocuted after Eskom pylon collapses in nature reserve (South Africa)

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Kamva Somdyala, News 24 | November 17, 2019

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Several animals at the Tshwane Rietvlei Nature Reserve were electrocuted after an Eskom electricity pylon collapsed, Tshwane’s mayoral committee member for environment and agriculture, Dana Wannenburg said on Saturday.

Original photo as published by News24: The black rhino. (Kyle de Nobrega, African Parks, file)

The animals are a female rhino, her calf and a zebra.

“Tshwane Nature Conservation officials discovered the carcasses early this morning during routine patrols,” said Wannenburg.

He also revealed that Eskom technicians moved swiftly to repair the pylon and secure overhead cables at the reserve.

“The City’s nature conservation officials will work closely with Eskom officials to establish the cause of the collapse, to check the soundness of all other structures along this overhead line, and to determine which measures could be implemented to safeguard the reserve’s wildlife from further harm,” added Wannenburg.

 

At India’s Assam Zoo, decades of experience lead to rhino-breeding success

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Bikash Kumar Bhattacharya, Mongabay | October 16, 2019

See link for photos & 3-minute video

GUWAHATI, INDIA: One August afternoon in 1991, rangers at India’s Kaziranga National Park rescued a startled rhino calf. The young female, believed to be just a few months old, had just survived a tiger attack and was separated from her mother in the melee.

It was a tough start in life for the little calf, named Baghekhaiti by her rescuers, the local Assamese for “eaten or bitten by a tiger.” But she survived her injuries, and would go on to give birth to the first greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) calf born in the Indian state of Assam as part of an ambitious captive-breeding programme launched by India’s Central Zoo Authority (CZA) in 2011.

“Baghekhaiti, whose right leg still bears the scar of that tiger attack, was brought to the Assam State Zoo on 10 August, 1991,” says Govinda Sharma, a keeper at the Guwahati-based zoo and botanical garden, who has been looking after the rhino since 1993. “Now she’s around 28. Since her arrival at the zoo she’s delivered two calves … So, she’s very special.”

According to the CZA, the program’s objective is to build a stock of healthy captive rhinos to serve as insurance for the future, should the species face extinction in the wild again. Two zoos have been designated as part of the program: the Assam State Zoo, and Bihar state’s Patna Zoo, where six calves have been born since 2011.

The greater one-horned rhino has made a spectacular comeback once before, thanks to global conservation efforts in Kaziranga and in Nepal’s Chitwan National Park, which together harbor about 85 percent of the species’ global population of around 3,500 individuals. But the IUCN still considers the species vulnerable, primarily due to the constant threat of poaching — a threat that underscores the importance of maintaining a genetically viable captive population.

Original photo as published by Mongabay: A greater one-horned rhino at the Assam State Zoo. (Manon Verchot/Mongabay)

A Long History of Breeding Rhinos

Assam state, where Kaziranga National Park is located, is home to some 2,500 greater one-horned rhinos, and the state zoo has held rhinos since its establishment in 1957.

The first successful birth of a greater one-horned rhinoceros in an Indian zoo dates back to April 7, 1960, when Geeta, a female from Kaziranga taken into captivity earlier that year, gave birth to Mohan Jr. The second zoo-born calf was delivered in 1963.

But these rhinos were born from mothers already impregnated in the wild.

The first real breakthrough came in July 1963, when a female calf was born as a result of mating between two wild-caught rhinos at the zoo premises. (This was just six years after Switzerland’s Basel Zoo recorded the first ever birth of a captive-bred greater one-horned rhino in a modern zoo.)

Between 1957 and the launch of the captive birth initiative in 2011, India’s National Studbook of One Horned Rhinoceros records 13 births (including two stillbirths) at Assam State Zoo. While some of these animals still live at the zoo, others have been transferred to zoos around the world. And one female, born in 1978 and known as Geeta or Laxmi, made history in 1987 by becoming Assam’s first zoo-born rhino to give birth.

In 1979, the Assam State Zoo sent two rhinos, known as Kancha and Kanchi, to the Patna Zoo, the first rhinos to be hosted at that facility. The Patna Zoo, in turn, marked its first captive birth in 1988, with a calf born to Kanchi and a wild-caught male named Raju.

Despite this track record, India, the primary home range of the greater one-horned rhinoceros, lacked concerted efforts to develop a sustainable captive-breeding program for the species. That changed in December 2011, when the CZA announced the launch of a captive-breeding program for 73 species, the rhino among them. The CZA named Assam State Zoo to lead the rhino breeding program, with Patna Zoo as a coordinating party.

A National, Coordinated Captive-Breeding Program

While Assam State Zoo has managed to breed rhinos in captivity since the 1960s, India’s existing ex-situ breeding efforts and facilities were deemed insufficient to maintain a viable pool of captive rhinos, triggering the formal launch of the special captive-breeding program, according to Bibhab Talukdar, an Assam-based Asian rhino expert.

With the onset of the program, the captive-breeding efforts have become much more streamlined, says Tejas Mariswamy, the director of Assam State Zoo. “We now have off-display enclosures to keep the rhinos free of stress from the contact with visitors, and more staffs attending to them. The record keeping and maintenance have improved. We are better equipped now,” he says.

There are eight rhinos under this program at the zoo. Of these, two females and one male are at prime reproductive age, while the rest are still juveniles being kept for future use in the program.

A Success and a Setback

The CZA initiative bore fruit within two years of its launch, rapid progress for a species whose pregnancies last about a year and a half. On May 11, 2013, a female calf named Dolly was born at the Patna Zoo. Then, on Sept. 1, 2013, Baghekhaiti gave birth to a male calf named Sanatan in Assam. The calf was Baghekhaiti’s second offspring, and like its older sibling it was fathered by a male named Bishnu, the first zoo-born male rhino to produce offspring in a zoo in India.

“Baghekhaiti appeared to be restless since morning on that day,” Sharma recalls of the day Baghekhaiti gave birth to Sanatan. “She didn’t eat the stack of hay and grass I’d given to her that she usually loves to munch on. We knew the day was coming, but didn’t expect that it would be that very day. In the evening at 6:43 she gave birth to a male calf … It was an overwhelming moment for us.”

“The birth of Sanatan effectively kicked off the captive breeding program,” Chandan Bora, then the divisional forest officer at Assam State Zoo, tells Mongabay. “That we were able to breed the first calf within less than two years of the launch of the programme was really inspiring.”

Sanatan is now 6 years old and thriving.

The zoo is now expecting the birth of its second calf under the program — and a first grandchild for Baghekhaiti. Her first calf, Pori, who was born in 2002, was observed last year mating with a wild-born male. “Now she is pregnant and expected to deliver in May next year,” Mariswamy says of Pori.

Patna, meanwhile, has seen the delivery of six calves: three in 2013 (including one that died shortly before turning two), one in 2015 and two in 2017.

In early 2018, however, the captive breeding program suffered a setback when a female calf at the Assam State Zoo sustained injuries from a male that later led to her death. Shanti, a rather small one-and-half-year-old female, shared an enclosure with two other rhinos: another young female named Bagori, and Gaonburha, a 2-year-old male. All of them were brought to the zoo in September 2017 from the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation (CWRC), based outside Kaziranga National Park.

“On 12 January, 2018, Gaonburha forcibly tried to mount Shanti and in the process injured her backbone and she got several bruises. We saw her grovelling in pain. She was treated with pain-killers and other drugs. Unfortunately she did not recover,” says zoo director Mariswamy, adding that Gaonburha and Bagori were separated immediately after the incident.

While local media reported the incident to be the result of a mating attempt, Arindam Kishore Pachoni, a veterinarian at the zoo, insists that it was an act of non-breeding playful behavior and not a mating attempt. “Mating of rhinos is often a violent and raucous affair. Male rhinos do behave violently with females during mating in the wild. But this wasn’t a case of mating aggression,” he says.

He adds that they’ve been far more careful about putting rhinos together after this incident.

The Infant Mortality Puzzle

Global efforts at ex-situ breeding of the greater one-horned rhinoceros have also faced another problem: infant mortality.

Despite being shielded from dangers like floods or the tiger attack suffered by Baghekhaiti, captive-born one-horned rhinos have a considerably higher infant mortality rate than their kin in the wild, research shows. While a study reported an infant mortality rate of 11.1 percent for the wild rhino population in Chitwan, Nepal, the infant mortality rate in the captive one-horned rhino population has been recorded to be a steep 20 percent. Two of the 14 calves born at the Assam zoo were stillborn, a mortality rate of around 14 percent.

In a paper published in the Canadian Journal of Zoology, conservation biologists Samuel Zschokke and Bruno Baur offer three possible explanations. First, they say the infant mortality rate in the wild could be underestimated; second, the zoo environment is stressful for both laboring mothers and newborn calves; third, the wild population in Chitwan National Park is likely genetically distinct from the captive rhinos in zoos across the world, most of which are descended from the Kaziranga population.

Intriguingly, Zschokke and Baur found that the infant mortality rate was lower in inbred Indian rhino calves than in non-inbred ones. They observed that inbreeding depression, which has been observed to increase juvenile mortality rates in several other captive mammal populations, does not seem to be a particular concern for greater one-horned rhinos.

Zschokke and Baur also observed that inbreeding in Indian rhinoceros doesn’t appear to influence either gestation period or birth mass, suggesting that “inbreeding avoidance in Indian rhinoceros may not be as important as it is in other species.”

‘Knowing Your Animals is the Key to Success’

The core strength of the rhino captive-breeding program at Assam State Zoo, according to Mariswamy, is the strong bond that the keepers share with the rhinos. This, he says, evolves from “deep knowledge derived from keen and consistent observation of the animals as well as long-term association with them.”

The three keepers currently looking after the rhinos at the captive-breeding centre — Govinda Sharma, Anandi Rabha and Umesh Rajbongshi — each have more than two decades of experience in caring for the animals.

“I’ve been looking after rhinos since 1993. Building on my daily lived experience with them for so long, I know how they behave just the way I know how my pet does. I give them care accordingly, drawing on my practical knowledge,” Sharma says.

Mariswamy says while the zoo doesn’t have a formalized training program for its rhino keepers, the institution benefits from its experience of hosting rhinos for more than half a century. “What helps us is the intergenerational knowledge transfer about animal husbandry. The new keepers learn the tricks of the trade working with the seasoned hands. That’s how the knowledge is passed on. Moreover, our vets and biologists regularly update the keepers on the recent scientific knowledge about the animals.”

Though researchers at zoos elsewhere in the world have been experimenting with assisted reproductive technology (ART) in rhino breeding, Assam State Zoo hasn’t yet considered it and instead prefers natural breeding.

“In natural breeding the first critical step is choosing a correct pair,” says senior zoo veterinarian Bijoy Gogoi. “While carrying out the pairings we assess the mating suitability of the animals that takes into consideration various factors such as genetic diversity and kinship difference between the animals to be paired so that inbreeding could be avoided.

“So knowing your animals is, to a large extent, the key to success,” he adds.

“This is why we focus on developing a strong bond between the keepers and the rhinos,” Mariswamy says. “Isn’t it the best possible way to learn about the animals?”

Edward the baby rhino meets herd for 1st time (California)

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Fox 5 | October 10, 2019

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SAN DIEGO: The San Diego Zoo Safari Park’s youngest southern white rhino began integrating with the rest of the park’s rhino herd Wednesday, meeting a rhino other than his mother for the first time since his birth 10 weeks ago.

Edward and his mother, Victoria, have remained sequestered from the rest of the herd since his birth in July to allow the two to bond and ensure he builds weight and stamina. The calf’s weight has nearly quadrupled since then and he has only entered the Safari Park’s rhino enclosure with Victoria.

Edward met Helene, an adult female southern white rhino, after she sparred with Victoria, who was very protective of her calf, according to the zoo’s animal care staff. They will continue introducing him to the rest of the Safari Park’s crash of rhinos as he gets larger and older.

“While Victoria knows the other rhinos, Edward has only observed them from a distance,” Safari Park Lead Keeper Jonnie Capiro said. “It’s time to get Edward acclimated to his crash. We chose to have Helene meet him first, as she is closely bonded with Victoria.”

Edward is the 99th southern white rhino calf born at the Safari Park and the first such calf to be born through artificial insemination in North America. His birth represents a step toward the zoo’s longer-term goal of recovering the northern white rhino, a distant relative of the southern white rhino. Only two northern white rhinos still exist on the planet and both are female.

Zoo officials plan to use stem cells and preserved northern white rhino cells to birth a northern white rhino calf within 10-20 years. The zoo’s southern white rhinos would serve as surrogates for the northern white rhino embryos through artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization or an embryo transfer.

If the plan proves successful, researchers could attempt similar assisted reproduction techniques with the critically endangered Sumatran and Javan rhinos.

The Safari Park is expecting a second southern white rhino birth early next month. The zoo announced that calf’s conception through artificial insemination last year.

Watch: Orphaned rhino calf takes his first bottle (South Africa)

By Rescue and rehab No Comments
Lowvelder | October 14, 2019

Watch the video here

Original photo as published by The Lowvelder.

This rhino calf was orphaned after his mother was shot during a poaching incident.

The young calf who was flown to Care for Wild Rhino Sanctuary late Friday afternoon spent that first 14 hours receiving critical care.

He was very weak and extremely dehydrated. In desperate need of fluids and rest, he received intravenous fluids overnight while he slept.

Although still very weak, he woke early Saturday morning and began to gently suckle for the first time.

Watch the video here