JAVAN RHINO

Rhinoceros sondaicus

The historical range of the Javan Rhino is uncertain but it did extend well beyond the island after which it is named. In the far north its occurrence would have overlapped with that of the Indian Rhino and in the south with the Sumatran Rhino. This map depicts the approximate distribution of the three Javan Rhino subspecies.

The Javan Rhino Rhinoceros sondaicus has been devastated by poaching and land use pressured. It has been reduced to one tiny population on the western tip of Java.

Updated date: August 16, 2019
The Indian Javan Rhino R. s. inermis, ranged across far northern India, Bangladesh and into Myanmar
The Vietnamese Javan Rhino R. s. annamiticus, the eastern subspecies, once occurred widely in southern China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Malaysia.
The Indonesian Javan Rhino R. s. sondaicus once lived on the islands of Java and Sumatra.
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Legend:
The historical distribution for the Javan Rhino is derived from the Status Survey & Conservation Action Plan (New Edition) Asian Rhinos edited by Thomas J Foose and Nico van Strien, published by the IUCN/SSC Asian Rhino Specialist Group (AsRSG).

The Indian Javan Rhino R. s. inermis is extinct. By the mid 1800s it was already gone throughout most of its northern range and is thought to have disappeared completely before 1925.
The Vietnamese Javan Rhino R. s. annamiticus is extinct. As recently as 2006 one small population survived in Vietnam’s Cat Tien National Park but it was doomed: the last one died at the hands of a poacher in 2010.
The Indonesian Javan Rhino R. s. sondaicus is critically endangered the only surviving representative of the species. Its situation is precarious as only 63 remain in the wild, all confined to a single location – Ujung Kulon National Park at the western tip of Java.
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Legend:
Approximate locations of current populations
Extinct

Updated date: August 16, 2019